Dieting and exercising sometimes typically fail in extremely obese patients, which is often suggested a bariatric weight loss surgery. There is plenty of evidence that suggests that bariatric surgery can lower the risk of death in severely obese patients and the weight can be maintained with a healthy diet and lifestyle changes after undergoing the surgery. A new study has estimated the same outcomes of bariatric surgery in older people and younger people which means there is no discrimination of age among these patients.
The complete study findings are now published in the journal Pediatrics.
A research team from the University of Colorado (Aurora) lead by Sarah B. Ogle investigated the outcomes of bariatric surgery in 242 young people who were over 19 years ago. Data collected from these people included their weight, BMI change, food disorders or abnormalities, changes in quality of life after surgery, and comorbidity results.
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These results were then compared with results obtained from 66 young children between ages 13 to 15 and older children from 16-19 years of age.
In the younger ones and adolescents, there were significant changes in terms of high blood pressure remission as well as dyslipidemia. Both these groups experienced remission of diabetes which was relatively higher in adolescents. The average amount of weight loss and changes in terms of life quality were similar in both groups. The risk of Vit D deficiency and others was lower for adolescents.
These findings indicate that the outcomes of bariatric surgery are similar for everyone. This new information can help planning surgery which is often delayed because of the age of the patient. These results indicate that all patients are likely to maintain and healthy weight and BMI after losing fat through surgery. In addition to that, surgery in the early years of life can save so many years that will be otherwise spent in obesity affecting the quality of life.
There are many types of bariatric surgeries and the decision on them is based on various individual risks which are different in different users. The major principle of all bariatric surgeries is to put a hold on diet, making the body eat only a limited amount of food.
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Digestion is an extensive process that starts from the mouth when a person chews and breaks down the food. This food is mixed in saliva and other secretions which make it easy to reach to stomach. Once the food reaches here, stomach acids are released and mixed into this food. It separates nutrients and helps in their absorption by the body which takes place in the small intestine after getting mixed with pancreatic juice and also, bile.
A bariatric surgery normally changes this digestion process and the food processing is no more the same. Reduction in food intake puts a restriction on calorie intake and allows a person to lose weight. After the surgery, a patient is required to follow a calculative diet plan and exercise to lower the risk of complications and gaining weight after losing it once. This way, he can save himself from all diseases associated with obesity and live a quality life ahead.