Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix. Symptoms are not obvious in the early stages of cancer and develop with age when the cervical cancer cells start to invade the surrounding tissues. The survival rate of cervical cancer depends on the stage and type of cervical cancer. If it is detected early, a very high cure rate is available.
In this new study, the researchers hope that cervical cancer will be eradicated from the whole world within the coming hundred years. And the increasing rate of cervical cancer can be controlled by taking the right preventive measures.
World Health Organization (WHO) conducted a global survey in the year 2018 in which 57 million cases of cervical cancer are estimated. More cases of cervical cancer were found in developing countries.
The researchers of the WHO Cervical Cancer Elimination Modelling Consortium have issued some preventive measures and have advised people to follow these measures when it needs to prevent cervical cancer.
It is predicted that the cases of cervical cancer can be reduced to 89.4 % by inoculating vaccine against the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a common virus over a wide area. Mostly human papillomavirus (HPV) is experienced by those people who are sexually active.
Researchers consider the human papillomavirus ( HPV) the top risk factor for cervical cancer. As in many cases, HPV causes genital warts and cancer. But if the people are given with vaccine against HPV, these possibilities can be prevented.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) suggests that children should be vaccinated against HPV at the age of 11-12 years. But can also be vaccinated at the age of 9 years. In reality, most people get vaccinated up to the age of 45 years
Professor Brisson also finds that people in developing countries can be prevented from cervical cancer if adequate vaccination is injected into them. It also estimates that 61 million cases of cervical cancer could avert up to 2120.
If people get screened for cervical cancer twice in their life, the chances to get cervical cancer can be reduced to 96.7% and about 2.1 million people can be prevented from cervical cancer. Cervical cancer can be eradicated from the whole world if countries follow the HPV vaccination policy.
Professor Brisson estimates that if the WHO strategy is introduced in the whole world more cases of cervical cancer could be prevented. It seems that full elimination of cervical cancer is possible only in a way if both high vaccination coverage and high uptake of screening and treatment are achieved.
Another study by the WHO researchers shows that the mortality rate of cervical cancer in developing countries will be 13.2 per one million women this year. But this mortality rate can be reduced by applying the vaccination and screening policy.
Cervical cancer can be eliminated from the whole world only with considerable international political and financial commitment. And the researchers are hopeful for the eradication of this form of cancer within the next hundred years.